Research Studies

Status: Completed
Study area: Chronic Disease
Principal investigator: Bradley R, Oberg EB
Project period: 2006

Accurate descriptions of naturopathic medicine as a whole system of medical practice are rare in the literature and non-existent for type 2 diabetes.

Status: Completed
Study area: General Wellness
Principal investigator: Herman PM, Sherman KJ, Erro JH, Cherkin DC, Milliman B, Adams LA
Project period: 2006

A set of meaningful, measurable treatment criteria based on the naturopathic practice principles were defined that could have generated the majority (82%-93%) of treatment prescriptions given at visits for these conditions. Several of the treatment criteria components are common across the 3 conditions studied, and might be appropriate for all visits to doctors of naturopathy (NDs).

Status: Completed
Study area: Nutrition/Dietary, Healthy Aging, General Wellness
Principal investigator: Howarth NC, Huang TT, Roberts SB, Lin BH, McCrory MA
Project period: 2006

While no one eating occasion contributes more than any other to excess adiposity, eating more often than three times a day may play a role in overweight and obesity in both younger and older persons. A reduced satiety response to dietary fiber in addition to lower energy expenditure may potentially further contribute to weight gain in older persons.

Status: Completed
Study area: CAM Research / Education
Principal investigator: Standish, Calabrese, Snider, Kail, Mills, Myers, Traub, and Zwic
Project period: 2006
Status: Completed
Study area: Nutrition/Dietary, Healthy Aging
Co-investigator(s): Roberts SB, Hajduk CL, Howarth NC, Russell R, McCrory MA
Funded by: The Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Project period: 2005

In contrast to previous suggestions that older persons consume a monotonous diet, this study showed that adults who were 61 years or older consumed a greater total food variety, and a greater variety of micronutrient-dense and energy-weak foods, compared with adults who were 60 years or younger. Although consumption of a low variety of energy-dense foods may contribute to reduced energy intake and body weight at any age, the variety of micronutrient-dense foods consumed needs to increase in old age to prevent micronutrient deficiencies. These findings suggest that all adults need advice on the changing needs for dietary variety with aging to maintain health, and that older persons with low BMI are particularly vulnerable to dietary shortfalls.

Status: Completed
Study area: Nutrition/Dietary, General Wellness
Co-investigator(s): Tulley RT, Vaidyanathan J, Wilson JB, Rood JC, Lovejoy JC,, Most MM, Volaufova J, Peters JC, Bray GA
Funded by: Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70112, USA. rtulley@agcenter.lsu.edu
Project period: 2005

The objective of this study was to determine whether vitamin supplementation during long-term (36 wk) ingestion of olestra supplemented with vitamin E could prevent decreases in vitamin E, vitamin A, and carotenoids.

Status: Completed
Study area: General Wellness
Co-investigator(s): Veldhuis JD, Roemmich JN, Richmond EJ, Rogol AD, Lovejoy JC, , Sheffield-Moore M, Mauras N, Bowers CY.
Funded by: Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Medical and Graduate Schools of Medicine, General Clinical Research Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA. veldhuis.johannes@mayo.edu
Project period: 2005

Body composition exhibits marked variations across the early human lifetime. The precise physiological mechanisms that drive such developmental adaptations are difficult to establish.

Status: Completed
Study area: Immunity, General Wellness
Co-investigator(s): Weber W, Taylor JA, Stoep AV, Weiss NS, Standish LJ, Calabrese C
Funded by: Naturopathic Medicine Department, Bastyr University, Kenmore, WA 98028-4966, USA. wendyw@bastyr.edu
Project period: 2005

Among the 401 children with at least one URI treated with study medication, 69.2% of those receiving placebo developed a second URI versus 55.8% of those who received Echinacea. Use of Echinacea was associated with a 28% decreased risk of subsequent URI (p = 0.01, 95% confidence interval 8%-44% decreased risk).

Status: Completed
Study area: Nutrition/Dietary, General Wellness
Co-investigator(s): Williamson DA, Geiselman PJ, Lovejoy J, Greenway F, Volaufova J, Martin CK, Arnett C, Ortego L
Funded by: Pennington Biomedical Research Center
Project period: 2005

This study tested if: (1) a preload of mycoprotein and tofu consumed before a lunch meal have a greater effect on satiety when compared to achicken preload, (2) the mycoprotein and tofu preloads, compared to chicken, are not associated with compensation or eating more food at asubsequent dinner m

Status: Completed
Study area: Chronic Disease
Co-investigator(s): Aitkens S, Kilmer DD, Wright NC, McCrory MA.
Funded by: Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA, USA
Project period: 2005

People with NMD are at high risk for developing chronic diseases resulting from obesity and a sedentary lifestyle. Intervention studies aimed at reducing their risk for such chronic diseases are warranted.

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